The first conflict between India and Pakistan, over the state of Jammu and Kashmir, broke out in October 1948. Since then, there have been at least three other overt conflicts in 1965, 1971 and 1999. For the last three decades, India has accused Pakistan of instigating violence in the Kashmir Valley. Pakistan has denied any role in the conflict, claiming the violence to be an indigenous movement. Indian diplomats claim that Pakistan is practising the doctrine of ‘Plausible Deniability’ by providing sanctuary, training, administrative and operational support to terrorist groups, yet diplomatically denying involvement.
General Chandi attempts to answer a question foremost in the minds of Kashmiri youth; “Why have India and Pakistan failed to resolve the Kashmir dispute, even after seven decades?” He goes on to identify the various stakeholders, make assessments on their perceptions and describe possible end-states.
Gen. Chandi is a retired Indian Army officer, who brings to the foundation skills of a soldier, an engineer, a counter-terrorist commando, a UN peacekeeper and security professional. A former Major General and Inspector General of the elite National Security Guard, he is an enthusiastic analyst, an articulate speaker and a prolific writer.